(2) Image presentations¶
As our second example we will demonstrate how to make color images from gridded data sets (again, we will defer the actual making of grid files to later examples). We have prepared two 2-D grid files of bathymetry and Geosat geoid heights from global grids and will put the two images on the same page. The region of interest is the Hawaiian Islands, and due to the oblique trend of the island chain we prefer to rotate our geographical data sets using an oblique Mercator projection defined by the hotspot pole at (68W, 69N). We choose the point (190, 25.5) to be the center of our projection (e.g., the local origin), and we want to image a rectangular region defined by the longitudes and latitudes of the lower left and upper right corner of region. In our case we choose (160, 20) and (220, 30) as the corners. We twice use grdimage to make the illustration:
#!/usr/bin/env bash # GMT EXAMPLE 02 # # Purpose: Make two color images based gridded data # GMT modules: set, grd2cpt, grdimage, makecpt, colorbar, subplot # gmt begin ex02 gmt set MAP_ANNOT_OBLIQUE 0 gmt subplot begin 2x1 -A+JTL+o0.1i/0 -Fs6i/3.5i -M0 -R160/20/220/30+r -JOc190/25.5/292/69/6i -X1.5i -Y1.5i -B10 -T"H@#awaiian@# T@#opo and @#G@#eoid@#" gmt subplot set 0,0 -Ce1.1i gmt grd2cpt @HI_topo_02.nc -Crelief -Z gmt grdimage @HI_topo_02.nc -I+a0 gmt colorbar -DJRM+o0.6i/0+mc -I0.3 -Bx2+lTOPO -By+lkm gmt subplot set 1,0 -Ce1.1i gmt makecpt -Crainbow -T-2/14/2 gmt grdimage @HI_geoid_02.nc gmt colorbar -DJRM+o0.6i/0+e+mc -Bx2+lGEOID -By+lm gmt subplot end gmt end show
We again set up a 2 by 1 subplot layout and specify the actual region and
map projection we wish to use for the two map panels.
We use makecpt to generate a linear color
geoid.cpt for the geoid and use
grd2cpt to get a histogram-equalized
topo.cpt for the topography data. We run
grdimage to create a color-coded image
of the topography, and to emphasize the structures in the
data we use the slopes in the north-south direction to
modulate the color image via the -I option. Then, we place a color legend to the right of the
image with colorbar. We repeat these steps for the
Geosat geoid grid. Again, the labeling of the two plots with a)
and b) is automatically done by subplot.