(8) A 3-D histogram

The program plot3d allows us to plot three-dimensional symbols, including columnar plots. As a simple demonstration, we will convert a gridded netCDF of bathymetry into an ASCII xyz table and use the height information to draw a 2-D histogram in a 3-D perspective view. We also use the height information to set to color of each column via a CPT file. Our gridded bathymetry file is a remote file called guinea_bay.nc and covers the region from 0 to 5 E and 0 to 5 N. Depth ranges from -5000 meter to sea-level. We produce the Figure by running this script:

#!/usr/bin/env bash
# Purpose:	Make a 3-D bar plot
# GMT modules:	grd2xyz, makecpt, text, plot3d
# Unix progs:	echo
gmt begin ex08
	gmt makecpt -Ccubhelix -T-5000/0
	gmt grd2xyz @earth_relief_05m -R0/5/0/5 | gmt plot3d -B -Bz1000+l"Topography (m)" -BWSneZ+b+tETOPO5 \
		-R0/5/0/5/-5000/0 -JM12c -JZ14c -p200/30 -So0.0833333ub-5000 -Wthinnest -C -i0:2,2
	echo '0.1 4.9 This is the surface of cube' | gmt text -JZ -Z0 -F+f24p,Helvetica-Bold+jTL -p
gmt end show

A 3-D histogram.