# (40) Line simplification¶

This example demonstrate the Douglas-Peucker line simplification algorithm as implemented in the tool gmtsimplify. We show the full resolution coastline of Australia and two much simplified versions using two different thresholds.

```#!/usr/bin/env bash
#               GMT EXAMPLE 40
#
# Purpose:      Illustrate line simplification and spherical area calculations
# GMT modules:  basemap, text, plot, gmtsimplify, gmtspatial, subplot
# Unix progs:   awk, rm
#

# set AWK to awk if undefined
AWK=\${AWK:-awk}

gmt begin ex40
gmt spatial @GSHHS_h_Australia.txt -fg -Qk > centroid.txt
\$AWK '{printf "Full area = %.0f km@+2@+\n", \$3}' centroid.txt > area.txt

gmt subplot begin 2x1 -Fs14c/12c -R112/154/-40/-10 -JM14c
gmt subplot set 0
gmt basemap -B20+lightgray -BWsne+g240/255/240
gmt plot @GSHHS_h_Australia.txt -Wfaint -G240/240/255
gmt plot @GSHHS_h_Australia.txt -Sc0.01c -Gred
gmt simplify @GSHHS_h_Australia.txt -T100k > T100k.txt
gmt spatial T100k.txt -fg -Qk | \$AWK '{printf "Reduced area = %.0f km@+2@+\n", \$3}' > area_T100k.txt
gmt plot -W1p,blue T100k.txt
gmt plot -Sx0.75c -W3p centroid.txt
gmt text -Dj8p -F+cLT+jTL+f18p+t"T = 100 km"
gmt text area.txt -F+f14p+cCM -D0/1c
gmt text area_T100k.txt -F+f14p+cLB -Dj14p

gmt subplot set 1
gmt basemap -B20+lightgray -BWSne+g240/255/240
gmt plot @GSHHS_h_Australia.txt -Wfaint -G240/240/255
gmt plot @GSHHS_h_Australia.txt -Sc0.01c -Gred
gmt simplify @GSHHS_h_Australia.txt -T500k > T500k.txt
gmt spatial T500k.txt -fg -Qk | \$AWK '{printf "Reduced area = %.0f km@+2@+\n", \$3}' > area_T500k.txt
gmt plot -W1p,blue T500k.txt
gmt plot -Sx0.75c -W3p centroid.txt
gmt text -Dj8p -F+cLT+jTL+f18p+t"T = 500 km"
gmt text area.txt -F+f14p+cCM -D0/1c
gmt text area_T500k.txt -F+f14p+cLB -Dj14p
gmt subplot end
rm -f centroid.txt area*.txt T*.txt
gmt end show
```